buzzes about a post-Saddam Iraq but few people are talking about a post-Saddam
United States. We should be. Because the political rifts in our society may
be as difficult to deal with as the ones with the Arab world, and they hit
closer to home. We need a better approach for dealing with dissent and diversity.
The war in Iraq creates a sense of unity, with Gallup Polls
showing that Bush's overall job approval rating rose to 71% after the conflict
began, up 13 points from the pre-war 58%. Historically, however, support
for post-war administrations decline. This is especially true during hard
economic times and when society had been deeply divided before war.
The polarization of politics lies under the surface. While hundreds of thousands
take to the streets across North America to protest the war, even larger
numbers participate in the fighting in some manner. On TV screens, left and
right pundits scream at each other and at guests about every conceivable
issue. Democrats still mutter about hanging chads and stolen elections. And
another election nears.
The divisions are more pervasive than pro- or anti-war, left or right, Republican
or Democrat. They are rooted in the way our society has come to approach
diversity and disagreement. Namely, it is not to be tolerated. Disagreement
is an indication of "evil" motives and the person disagreeing should be reviled
and, then, silenced.
This approach to dissent owes a great deal to political correctness -- the
political doctrine that declares certain ideas, attitudes, and peaceful behaviors
are improper and, therefore, should be prohibited by law. The law should
encourage correct ideas, attitudes and behaviors instead.
For example, because it is improper ("evil") to consider women to be either
inferior to men or to occupy a separate sphere, discrimination against women
should be prohibited. Affirmative action should be enforced. It doesn't matter
if the discrimination is relatively trivial and involves only private property.
Martha Burk's crusade against Augusta National Golf Club's male-only membership
policy demonstrates that.
Thus, "being correct" becomes politically essential because "being incorrect"
leads to the law exercising a control over your decisions, attitudes, property...over
your life. It means the law denies to you opportunities that you may have
earned through hard work -- like entry into a university or promotion on
a job -- because you have the "incorrect" skin color or genitalia.
When a society is structured so that one person gains only by depriving another
of what is rightfully his or hers, then that society is a brawl waiting to
happen. When laws and imposed policies treat people differently based on
race and gender, it creates class warfare and resentment. It embeds conflict
into the very structure of society and blocks goodwill.
It is tempting to join the slugfest and I have succumbed more than once. This column is the result of successfully resisting.
With the Masters golf tournament looming this Thursday, I had intended to write about Martha Burk's tax-paid conduct
at a recent woman's conference in Estonia where she represented the US.
There, Burk toasted to having a "different president" by the next conference,
lectured the audience on how American women are "second class citizens,"
and generally dissed the US.
The theme of my intended column was "stop the tax funding of feminism!" Just
as there is a separation of religion and state on matters of funding so,
too, should there be a separation of political ideology and state. That message
would have ridden on the back of a blast against Burk.
But I realized that another anti-Burk diatribe would just add to the noise.
No one's opinion of Burk would be altered. And the theme of the article would
be cheapened. Moreover, I was adopting the strategy of political
correctness: to attack people, using outrage as argument. An approach that
demonstrates contempt for facts, evidence...and truth itself.
Political correctness -- as expressed in both laws and strategies that punish
disagreement -- is a legacy of the social upheaval surrounding America's
last major war -- Vietnam. The anti-Vietnam war protests were a breeding
ground for many of the movements that dominated politics in the following
decades. For example, mainstream feminism grew directly out of the anti-war
movement. And through political evolution, a New Left emerged, wielding political
correctness as a sword.
Society may soon become a great deal more contentious. War and terrorism,
the shaky economy, the upcoming elections, a lessening of goodwill around
the globe...all these factors and more are making people short tempered and
No one can predict what social changes will come in the wake of war. No one
could have predicted the radical movements that arose under the anti-Vietnam
banner or how destructive those movements would become. All that can be said
is that any war will create change at home. Anyone who wishes the direction
to be positive, including me, has an obligation to ratchet down the rhetoric.
"Winning the peace" in Iraq is a media focus. The domestic peace is equally
important and it will depend upon an atmosphere of respect for dissent and
diversity. This means eliminating both the laws that punish attitudes and
the imposed policies that discriminate. It means substituting facts and evidence
for personal attacks. In dealing with family, friends and neighbors who disagree...
give peace a chance.
Wendy McElroy is the editor of ifeminists.com and a research
fellow for The Independent Institute in Oakland, Calif. She is the author
and editor of many books and articles, including the new book, Liberty for
Women: Freedom and Feminism in the 21st Century (Ivan R. Dee/Independent
Institute, 2002). She lives with her husband in Canada. Reprinted with permission of ifeminists.com.
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